Reykjavik is not only the largest city in all of Iceland, but also the capital of the country. With its latitude of 64 degrees north, it is technically the world's northernmost capital of a sovereign state. The city sits on the southern side of the Faxafloi Bay. There are about 120,000 people that constitute the population of Reykjavik, whilst the greater metropolitan area takes up some 777 square kilometres of land. As it is the capital of the country, it is the major economic, government and cultural hub of the country.
It is believed that the city is the first settlement in Iceland, discovered by Ingolfur Arnarson in about AD 870. However, it was not until the 1700's that development of the city actually commenced. In 1786 it was landmarked as an official trading town, and continued to grow consistently over the next few decades. It was during this time that the town grew into a city, and became the centre for the country's commerce, government and logically population.
It is noted for being one of the safest, cleanest and greenest cities in the world.
There are a stack of sights to take in whilst in Reykjavik which include Hallgrimskirkja, Harpa Reykjavik, Nautholsvik, Alpingishusio, Raohus Reykjavikur, the Blue Lagoon, Laugardalslaug, the University of Iceland, The National and University Library of Iceland, Heiomork, The Reykjavik Open Air Museum, Laugavegur, The Culture House and National Centre for Cultural Heritage, Rauoholar, Hofoi, Grimsbaer, The Viking Maritime Museum, the Reykjavik Art Museum, the Center for Icelandic Art, Reykjavik 871, the National Museum of Iceland, Kringlan, Perlan and Tjornin.